SEO Process

24 Common SEO Interview Questions (and How to Answer Them)

Matthew Howells-Barby
Published: Mar. 28, 2024
SEO Interview Questions

An SEO interview is a unique challenge because you’ll be required to demonstrate your technical know-how as well as your ability to think critically and adapt to different scenarios.

Your performance during an interview will be crucial and doing some advance prep with example SEO interview questions can make a huge difference. This will allow you to anticipate the questions you’ll likely face, so you’ll have thoughtful, well-articulated responses at the ready. 

Keep reading to discover what interviewers are looking for in your answers. With these insights, you’ll be ready to impress and get the SEO job you want.

What to Expect in an SEO Interview

SEO interviews typically follow a format designed to assess your knowledge, experience, and problem-solving abilities. Interviewers want to gauge your understanding of SEO principles, familiarity with industry tools and techniques, and ability to develop and execute effective strategies. 

Expect a combination of theoretical questions and practical exercises that require you to demonstrate your analytical skills and share relevant examples from your professional history.

It’s important to note that SEO interviews will vary depending on the specific role you’re applying for. Some common SEO positions include:

  • Technical SEO specialist: Interviews for this role will likely focus on your understanding of website architecture, site speed optimization, coding, and your ability to identify and resolve technical issues that impact search engine performance.
  • Content SEO specialist: If you’re interviewing for a content-focused SEO position, expect questions related to keyword research, content optimization, link-building strategies, and your experience creating high-quality, SEO-friendly content.
  • SEO account manager: For this role, interviewers will assess your ability to manage client relationships, communicate SEO concepts to non-technical stakeholders, and develop comprehensive SEO strategies that align with client goals.

Regardless of the position, SEO interviews generally require you to showcase your analytical thinking and problem-solving skills. Be prepared to discuss how you approach challenges, interpret data, and make data-driven decisions to improve search engine rankings and drive organic traffic.

To excel in an SEO interview, it’s essential to have a firm grasp of SEO fundamentals, stay updated with industry trends and algorithm changes, and articulate your thought process and strategies clearly. 

Sample SEO Marketing Interview Questions

Now I’m going to share sample SEO interview questions. I’ll also provide example answers showing you how to demonstrate your practical skills and reinforce your expertise in the field.

General SEO Interview Questions

1. How do you define SEO, and why is it important for businesses?

Answer: SEO, or search engine optimization, is the practice of improving a website’s visibility and ranking in search engine results pages (SERPs) for relevant keywords and phrases. It’s crucial for businesses because higher rankings lead to increased organic traffic, brand exposure, and sales.

How Search Engines Work

2. Explain the difference between on-page and off-page SEO.

Answer: On-page SEO refers to the optimization of elements on a website, such as content, HTML tags, internal linking, and site structure, to make it more search engine-friendly and relevant to target keywords. 

Off-page SEO focuses on activities outside of the website (primarily link building) to improve its authority and credibility in search engines. Both types of SEO work together to improve a site’s overall search engine performance.

On-page vs Off-page SEO

3. What are the key factors that influence a website’s search engine rankings?

Answer: The factors that affect a website’s search engine rankings include:

  • User engagement metrics
  • Website structure and technical optimization
  • Presence of high-quality inbound links
  • Quality and relevance of content
  • How mobile-friendly the site is
  • Website loading speed
  • Use of structured data
  • SSL certification
  • Domain age

4. How do you stay updated with the latest SEO trends and algorithm changes?

Answer: In your answer, you could mention industry blogs and publications like Search Engine Journal, Semrush, and Search Engine Land. If you attend webinars or SEO conferences, or participate in SEO communities and forums to learn from experts and network with peers, talk about that as well.

Hint: This question allows you to demonstrate your commitment to staying current with the latest SEO trends, algorithm updates, and industry developments.

Semrush News and Blog

5. In your opinion, what are the most common SEO mistakes websites make?

Answer: Common SEO mistakes include thin or duplicate content, poor site structure and navigation, and slow loading speeds. Many sites aren’t mobile-friendly, which can hurt their rankings. 

Other frequent issues are over-optimizing keywords, ignoring broken links and crawl errors, and not leveraging social media to amplify content and build brand authority. 

6. How do you balance the needs of search engines with the needs of users when optimizing a website?

When answering this question, demonstrate your understanding of the importance of user experience and search engine optimization.

Here’s how you can structure your response:

  • Emphasize the significance of creating high-quality, informative, and engaging content that addresses the user’s search intent and provides value to the target audience.
  • Discuss how you prioritize user experience factors such as easy navigation, fast loading times, and responsive design to ensure visitors can easily find and consume the content they need.
  • Explain that while focusing on user experience, you also implement technical best practices and optimize on-page elements to make the website more search engine-friendly.
  • Summarize your approach by stating that you put users first while also adhering to SEO guidelines.

Remember to provide specific examples from your experience to illustrate how you have successfully balanced user needs and search engine requirements in your previous projects. This will help demonstrate your practical expertise and make your answer more compelling to the interviewer.

7. Why are you pursuing a career in SEO? 

Answer: Your response will be highly personalized, but you may want to talk about your passion for digital marketing, or what you find interesting about the field. Think about aspects of working in SEO that appeal to you, like creativity, analytical thinking, or technical problem-solving. 

T-Shaped SEO

Do you like working with teams? Do you enjoy communicating technical concepts to clients? Lean on your personal experience to talk about why you’re excited about the role you’re interviewing for.

Technical SEO Interview Questions

8. What are DA and PA?

Answer: DA (Domain Authority) and PA (Page Authority) are metrics developed by Moz to predict how well a website or web page will rank on SERPs. They are logarithmic scores ranging from 0 to 100, with higher scores indicating a greater likelihood of ranking well.

9. Which SEO tools are you familiar with?

Answer: List the SEO tools you’re proficient with, such as Google Search Console (GSC), Google Analytics (GA4), Semrush, and Screaming Frog. You may also want to include your experience with Excel or Google Sheets. Spreadsheet tools like these help with keyword research, site audits, backlink analysis, rank tracking, and competitor analysis.

Semrush Organic Competitors

10. What is a canonical URL?

Answer: A canonical URL is an HTML tag that specifies the preferred or primary version of a web page when multiple URLs have similar or duplicate content. It helps search engines understand which URL to index and display in search results, preventing duplicate content issues.

11. Tell me about a successful SEO campaign you’ve worked on. How did you contribute?

Answer: Here’s a template you can use to answer this question:

“In my role as [Your Job Title] at [Company Name], I worked on an SEO campaign for [Client/Website/Product Name]. The main objectives of the campaign were to [Objective 1], [Objective 2], and [Objective 3].

My key contributions to the project included:

  • [Contribution 1]: [Action taken]
  • [Contribution 2]: [Action taken]
  • [Contribution 3]: [Action taken]

Through the implementation of these strategies, we were able to achieve:

  • [Measurable result 1]
  • [Measurable result 2]
  • [Measurable result 3]

This campaign was successful because [reason for success]. I learned [lesson] and applied this knowledge to ongoing SEO projects.

Here’s an example of how you might fill in the template:

“As an SEO Specialist at Acme Agency, I worked on a campaign for a large e-commerce client. The campaign’s primary objectives were to improve organic search visibility, increase website traffic, and boost online sales.

My key contributions to the project included:

  • Conducting in-depth keyword research: I identified high-value, relevant keywords aligned with the client’s business objectives.
  • Optimizing on-page elements: I reviewed and optimized title tags, meta descriptions, header tags, and content across the website.
  • Implementing technical SEO improvements: I identified and resolved technical issues such as broken links, duplicate content, and site speed, which improved the website’s overall search engine visibility and user experience.

Through the implementation of targeted content creation, link building, and technical optimizations, we were able to achieve:

  • A 50% increase in organic search traffic
  • A 30% improvement in keyword rankings for core product categories
  • A 20% increase in online sales attributed to organic search

This campaign was successful because of the data-driven approach and close collaboration with the client’s team. I learned the importance of aligning SEO strategies with business goals and adapting to changes in the search landscape, which I can apply to future campaigns and projects.”

12. What does E-E-A-T mean?

Answer: E-E-A-T stands for Experience, Expertise, Authoritativeness, and Trustworthiness. Google introduced this concept to emphasize the importance of creating high-quality, reliable content that showcases the creator’s depth of knowledge, industry experience, and overall credibility on the subject matter.

Google uses E-E-A-T as a guideline to assess the quality of a webpage or website, particularly for topics that could potentially impact a person’s health, financial stability, or safety (known as YMYL or “Your Money or Your Life” topics).

E-E-A-T and YMYL

To optimize for E-E-A-T, create high-quality, well-researched content written by experienced authors or industry experts. Ensure that the content is accurate, up-to-date, and provides value to the reader. 

13. How do you conduct a competitive analysis?

Answer: Outline your process for performing SEO competitive analysis

  • Briefly mention identifying top-ranking competitors for target keywords.
  • Touch on analyzing their website structure, content strategy, backlink profile, and social media presence.
  • Conclude by stating that you assess their strengths and weaknesses to identify opportunities for improvement.
Semrush Keyword Gap

14. How do you conduct a technical SEO audit?

Answer: If asked this question, provide a concise answer demonstrating your familiarity with the process and tools involved. Begin by mentioning your go-to tools, like Semrush and Google Search Console, to crawl websites and identify technical issues. 

Then, briefly list the key elements you assess, including site structure, page speed, mobile-friendliness, and structured data implementation. Conclude by stating that you create a prioritized list of recommendations based on your findings to address the identified issues. 

15. How can you decrease the loading time of a website?

Answer: To decrease a website’s loading time, focus on optimizing images, minimizing HTTP requests, leveraging browser caching, and compressing CSS and JavaScript files. You also want to ensure the website is hosted on a reliable server and uses a content delivery network (CDN) to serve content from the nearest location to the user.

16. How do you use Google Search Console to identify and fix technical SEO issues?

Answer: The best way to identify technical SEO issues is to use the:

  • “Coverage” report to find and fix indexing problems
  • “Mobile Usability” report to address mobile-friendliness issues
  • “Core Web Vitals” report to optimize page speed and user experience 
  •  “Manual Actions” report to ensure the website isn’t penalized and submit a reconsideration request if needed

SEO Content Interview Questions

17. What is SEO copywriting?

Answer: SEO copywriting is the practice of creating optimized content for both search engines and users. Best practices for SEO copywriting include incorporating target keywords naturally into the content and ensuring the text is engaging, informative, and relevant to the reader.

18. What is keyword frequency?

Answer: Keyword frequency refers to the number of times a target keyword appears within a piece of content. It is an essential factor in on-page optimization. However, keyword frequency needs to be balanced to avoid keyword stuffing (excessively repeating keywords in a piece of content to manipulate search engine rankings).

19. What are some methods for getting the featured snippet for a target keyword?

Answer: To increase the chances of getting a featured snippet, focus on creating concise, direct answers to common questions related to the target keyword. Structure the content for featured snippet formats like paragraphs, lists, or tables, and optimize the text with clear headings, concise answers, schema markup, and relevant meta tags. Then continuously monitor performance and refine strategies based on search engine results or other SERP features.

Google Search

20. What are topic clusters, and how do you create one?

Answer: Topic clusters are a content marketing strategy that involves creating a main pillar page that broadly covers a topic and linking it to several supporting cluster pages that dive deeper into specific subtopics. 

To create a topic cluster, identify a broad topic relevant to the client’s business, create a comprehensive pillar page, then develop cluster pages that link back to the pillar page and cover related subtopics in more detail.

Content Pillars and Clusters SEO

21. Explain the difference between a dofollow link and a nofollow link.

Answer: A dofollow link is a standard hyperlink that passes link equity (or “link juice”) from one page to another, boosting the linked page’s authority and search engine rankings. 

A nofollow link has a rel=”nofollow” attribute that instructs search engines not to follow the link or pass any link equity. Nofollow links are often used for sponsored content, user-generated content, or when linking to untrusted sources.

22. How do you create content that attracts high-quality backlinks?

Answer: To answer this question, start by emphasizing the importance of developing unique, valuable, and authoritative content that resonates with the target audience and addresses their needs and interests.

Provide examples of the types of content that tend to attract backlinks, such as:

  • Visually appealing infographics that present complex information in an easy-to-digest format
  • In-depth guides that offer comprehensive information on a specific topic
  • Original research that presents new data, insights, or analysis
  • Expert interviews with industry thought leaders

Next, discuss the importance of promoting the content through strategic outreach to relevant websites, influencers, and industry publications that might be interested in linking to your content. Explain how you would approach these potential link partners and highlight the value your content provides to their audience.

Emphasize that the goal is to earn natural, high-quality backlinks from reputable sources rather than engage in spammy or manipulative link-building tactics.

23. How do you use semantically related keywords in your content optimization strategy? 

Answer: When using semantically related keywords in your content optimization strategy, focus on naturally incorporating them into your content to provide context and depth. Explain that strategically placing them in headings, subheadings, and throughout the body of your content can help search engines better understand the topic and create a more comprehensive and relevant piece. 

Emphasize that the goal is to use these keywords to improve the quality and relevance of your content rather than stuffing them unnecessarily.

24. How do you approach link building for a client?

Answer: Here are some steps you might use to explain your process if asked this question.

  • Explain that you begin by analyzing the client’s current backlink profile to identify gaps and opportunities for improvement.
  • Discuss how you would develop a tailored link-building strategy to create high-quality, relevant content and conduct outreach to potential linking websites.
  • Provide examples of specific link-building tactics you employ, such as guest posting on industry blogs, building broken links, and participating in relevant online communities.

Throughout your answer, explain that you prioritize quality over quantity and ensure that all the links you acquire comply with search engine guidelines.

Advanced Strategies for SEO Interview Preparation

Thorough preparation is vital to excelling in an SEO interview. Focusing on research, practice, and presentation skills can help you stand out from other candidates. 

Here are some advanced strategies to help you prep for your SEO interview:

  • Create a portfolio of your SEO work, including case studies that highlight your successes and the impact of your efforts. Be prepared to discuss your process, challenges faced, and lessons learned. (I’ll show you how to talk about your SEO case studies in a minute.)
  • Stay up-to-date with SEO trends, algorithm updates, and industry news. Read widely from authoritative sources and be ready to discuss your insights and opinions on current SEO topics.
  • Practice answering common SEO interview questions, as well as behavioral and situational questions. Rehearse your responses and provide concrete examples of your skills and experience.
  • Develop a confident and professional presentation style. Practice active listening, maintain eye contact, and articulate your thoughts and ideas using clear, concise language.

How do I pass an SEO interview?

To pass an SEO interview, demonstrate a strong foundation in SEO principles and best practices. Spotlight your practical experience and problem-solving skills. Showcase your ability to analyze data, develop strategic recommendations, and clearly communicate complex concepts. 

Highlight your passion for the field and commitment to continuous learning and improvement.

How can I introduce myself in an SEO interview?

When introducing yourself in an SEO interview, craft an engaging and professional narrative highlighting your relevant experience, skills, and achievements. Begin by expressing your enthusiasm for the opportunity and briefly summarizing your background in SEO. 

Emphasize key accomplishments and projects, and conclude by discussing why you’re drawn to the specific role and company, and how your skills and experience align with their needs and goals.

Here’s an example:

“Hi, I’m [Your Name], and I’m thrilled to be here today to discuss the [SEO role] position. With over [X] years of experience in SEO, I have developed a strong foundation in technical optimization, content strategy, and link building. 

In my current role at [Company], I successfully implemented a comprehensive SEO campaign that increased organic traffic by [X]% and improved lead generation by [X]%. 

I’m drawn to [Company] because of your innovative approach to SEO and commitment to delivering measurable results for clients. I believe my skills and experience align well with your needs, and I’m excited about the opportunity to contribute to your team’s success.”

Leveraging SEO Case Studies in Interviews

As an SEO professional, you likely have a wealth of experience working on projects and campaigns. During interviews, highlight your SEO case studies to demonstrate your expertise and problem-solving skills and show the measurable impact of your work. 

Here’s how to select and present your case studies in interviews:

  • Choose relevant case studies: Select stories that align with the job requirements and showcase your skills in technical SEO, content optimization, link building, or local SEO.
  • Provide context and background: Set the stage by briefly describing the client or company, their industry, and the specific SEO challenges they faced.
  • Highlight your role and contributions: Explain your specific role in each case study and your contributions to the project’s success. This helps the interviewer understand your level of involvement and the value you brought to the team.
  • Discuss your strategy and implementation: Explain the SEO strategy you developed to address the challenges and the specific tactics you implemented. Discuss the reasoning behind your decisions and how you collaborated with other team members or stakeholders.
  • Present data-driven results: Use relevant metrics such as organic traffic growth, keyword rankings, conversion rates, and revenue to showcase the measurable impact of your SEO efforts.
  • Share lessons learned and insights: Reflect on the challenges you encountered during the project and how you overcame them. Share any valuable insights or lessons learned that you can apply to future SEO campaigns. This demonstrates your ability to adapt and continuously improve.
  • Prepare visual aids: Consider creating a concise slide deck or handout highlighting key points of your case studies.

When presenting your case studies, be concise and focused on the most relevant details, similar to how you would prepare an SEO report

TTT SEO Monthly Report Template

Practice your presentation beforehand to ensure you can communicate your experience effectively within the given time constraints. Be prepared to answer follow-up questions and provide additional context as needed.

Questions to Prepare for an SEO Interview

Remember, an interview is a two-way conversation. Asking thoughtful questions helps you gather valuable information about the role and the company and demonstrates your enthusiasm for the opportunity. 

Prepare a list of questions beforehand and prioritize them based on their importance to you. Listen actively to the responses and ask follow-up questions to clarify or explore further.

Here are some key SEO questions to ask during your interview.

For SEO positions at individual companies:

  • What are the company’s primary SEO goals and objectives?
  • Can you describe the team structure and the role of the SEO position within the organization?
  • How does the SEO team collaborate with other departments, such as content, web development, and marketing?
  • What are the most significant SEO challenges the company faces?
  • Can you describe the company’s current SEO strategy and how it has evolved?
  • What SEO tools and resources does the team use to execute and measure campaigns?
  • How do you measure the success of SEO initiatives, and what key performance indicators (SEO KPIs) do you focus on?

For positions within an SEO or marketing agency:

  • What types of clients does your agency typically work with, and in which industries?
  • How does your agency approach SEO strategy, and how do you tailor it to each client’s unique needs?
  • Can you describe your agency’s communication process with clients and providing progress updates?
  • How do you measure the success of your client SEO campaigns, and what key performance indicators (KPIs) do you focus on?
  • Can you describe the team structure and the role of this SEO position within the agency?

In addition to these SEO-specific questions, consider asking about the company’s overall mission, values, and culture. Inquire about the management style, team dynamics, and opportunities for collaboration and mentorship. 

These questions will help you gain a more comprehensive understanding of the company and determine if it aligns with your professional goals and values.

Ace Your SEO Interview with TTT Academy

This comprehensive guide covers essential aspects of preparing for an SEO interview, including what to expect, how to showcase your skills and experience, and what questions to ask the interviewer. 

Pair these strategies with powerful SEO case studies from your professional experience, and you’ll be well-equipped to present your best self during interviews.

Want to improve your interview preparation? TTT Academy provides the resources and support you need to grow your SEO skills, stay current with industry trends, and connect with a community of smart, ambitious professionals. 

Here’s how TTT Academy can help you ace your SEO interview:

  • Access a wealth of training content to fill knowledge gaps and expand your SEO expertise.
  • Get personalized advice on interviewing skills from industry veterans during live Q&A sessions.
  • Collaborate with other members to practice mock interviews and refine your answers to common SEO questions.
  • Stay current with the latest SEO trends and strategies through expert-led webinars, so you can confidently discuss current industry topics during your interview.
  • Build a strong network of SEO professionals who can provide valuable insights and support, and even connect you with job opportunities.


Learn more about how joining TTT Academy can help you land your dream SEO role.